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How Latina Women Are Shaping The U S. Economy

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Breast Cancer Education Toolkits

But, even in professions with more Latina workers, they still are paid less on average than their white male colleagues.Figure Bshows the average wages of Hispanic women and white non-Hispanic men in the 10 most common occupations for Latinas. In every one of them, white men, on average, are paid more than their Latina counterparts. This gap narrows—but not dramatically—when we control for education, years of experience, and location by regression-adjusting the differences between workers. Using this method, we find that, on average, Latina workers are paid only 66 cents on the dollar relative to white non-Hispanic men. Situations like these are widespread, especially among households in which Black and Latina women live, according to Household Pulse Survey data.

Bensley L, Van Eenwyk J, Wynkoop Simmons K. Childhood family violence history and women’s risk for intimate partner violence and poor health. Wu E, El-Bassel N, Witte SS, Gilbert L, Chang M. Intimate partner violence and HIV risk among urban minority women in primary health care settings. Caution should be used in generalizing the findings because of the small number of Latina women, the inability to assess subgroups and acculturation status of Latinas, the insured nature of the sample, and the data collection method. Like many other Hispanic women, Eva spent her time as a caregiver for her family rather than thinking about herself. Access to training and apprenticeship is especially important for underrepresented groups.

Learn about breast cancer screening for women at higher risk due to a BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutation. Women diagnosed younger than 40 may have a BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutation. These inherited gene mutations increase the risk of breast and ovarian cancer. Most breast cancers and breast cancer deaths occur in women 50 and older . Although lesbians and bisexual women tend to have an increased risk of breast cancer, it’s not because of their sexual orientation.

In sharp contrast, men lost more than twice as many jobs as women in the Great Recession from 2007 to 2009, 5.5 million vs. 2.5 million. Indeed, the COVID-19 downturn is the first of eight downturns in the past five decades in which women have lost more jobs than men. Bureau of Labor Statistics, based on its survey of households, the Current Population Survey . The CPS is the government’s official source for monthly estimates of unemployment.

Coker AL, Smith PH, Bethea L, King MR, McKeown RE. Physical health consequences of physical and psychological intimate partner violence. Hazen AL, Soriano FI. Experiences with intimate partner violence among http://porobet.cz/getting-the-most-useful-costa-rica-girls/.

This session also addressed reproduction, the female anatomy, and the value of one’s body. Session 3 used video testimonials by Latina women who were living with HIV to enhance participants’ awareness of HIV risk practices and to dispel common myths about HIV in the Latina community. The health educators also discussed the HIV risk reduction strategies of abstinence, consistent condom use, and having fewer male sexual partners. Session 4 explored how experiences such as immigration, deportation, and acculturation can affect HIV risk among Latina women. The participants also engaged in role-playing activities that integrated these culturally appropriate themes and were designed to enhance women’s confidence in initiating safer sex conversations, negotiating safer sex, and refusing unsafe sexual encounters.

By having such a wide, diverse audience, she left her mark on America’s pop culture as a female Cuban immigrant. Like Celia, Gloria Estefan was born in Cuba and is arguably the most famous Cuban American singer to date. Her Latin music flooded American radio stations and television features, bringing Latina presence into American pop culture. There are various Latina women involved in organizations and programs that aim to aid Latina women affected/victimized by human trafficking or domestic abuse.

From 1970 to 2007 Latinas have seen a 14% increase in labor force participation, which the Center for American Progress calls “a notable rise.” The Affordable Care Act does not cover non-citizens nor does it cover immigrants with less than 5 years of residency.

Given the rhetoric and policies promised under the Trump presidential campaign, the 2016 presidential election has been proposed as a significant stressor in the lives of US immigrants, their families, and their communities, with potentially uniquely acute effects on the US Latino population. Our results suggest that the 2016 US presidential election was associated with an increase in preterm births among US Latina women. Two recent studies17,18 investigated how anti-immigration legislation and policing affected births among Latina women. The first study17 found a 24% greater risk of low birth weight among children born to Latina mothers after a federal immigration raid compared with births the year before the raid; no such change appeared among births to non-Latina women. The second study18 found that prenatal exposure to the passage of a restrictive immigration law in Arizona coincided with lower birth weight among children born to Latina immigrant women but not among children born to US-born white, black, or Latina women.

  • The gap is largest for Latinas who have bachelor’s and advanced degrees.
  • 50 Ways to Fight Bias is a card-based activity and video series that highlights 50 specific examples of gender bias in the workplace and offers research-backed recommendations for what to do.
  • We help women achieve their ambitions and work to create an equal world.
  • Lean In Circles Circles are small groups of women who come together for real talk and peer support—and right now we’re meeting virtually.
  • 50 Ways to Fight Bias Bias makes it harder for women to get hired and promoted.

I spent two years living fully nomadic, mostly traveling solo, and meeting people through social media. Everything from countries of origin, to social class, to where raised, to education, to non-sociological factors like being who you are and liking what you like impacts who we are. She pretty much hit the nail on the head as far as dating Latina women. I don’t know what that other guy is talking about but one thing you should know is almost all Latina women won’t put up with a cheater.

Policymakers who oversee apprenticeship registrations can both encourage increased equity in current apprenticeships, as well as expanded apprenticeships into new industries and occupations. All the while, policymakers must ensure that these apprenticeships continue to be paths to training while earning living wages. Collective bargaining agreements also mimic pay transparency by clearly defining pay scales for different positions.26 As such, pay gaps are lower for union workers. Similarly, banning salary history helps eliminate outright wage discrimination by preventing workers from carrying around lower wages as they change jobs. If a worker is underpaid in one job, and their next job bases their new salary on previous salary, then workers who are more likely to face discriminatory pay at any given employment may face the cumulative effects of this discrimination throughout their careers.

For example, let’s compare the number of new cases of breast cancer in U.S. in 2009 to the number of new cases in 2016. In 2009, there were an estimated 192,370 new cases of breast cancer in U.S. women . Among women 50 and older, rates of DCIS increased from 7 cases per 100,000 women in 1980 to 83 cases per 100,000 women in 2008 . During this time, diagnoses of early stage breast cancer, including ductal carcinoma in situ , increased greatly .

Hispanic/Latina women are more likely to develop breast cancer before menopause. Breast cancer has more aggressive features in Hispanic/Latino women, whether premenopausal or postmenopausal, than in others. But there are other factors besides delayed attention that affect breast cancer prognosis in Hispanic/Latino women.

So, over time, breast cancer incidence in the daughters and granddaughters of immigrants tends to become closer to overall incidence in the U.S. However, the daughters and granddaughters of immigrants tend to adopt American lifestyle behaviors.

So, when you see the most recent data are from 2016 or 2017, it doesn’t mean the data are “old.” It simply means it took time to carefully collect the data, do the analyses and prepare the findings. Learn about unique issues for younger women diagnosed with breast cancer. Learn more about BRCA1, BRCA2 and other inherited gene mutations and breast cancer risk. However, breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among women ages . Data on breast cancer among transgender men and transgender women are limited.

Hispanic/Latina women are more likely to seek care for breast cancer in an emergency situation, once advanced-stage breast cancer begins to cause pain. At this stage, the disease is usually less treatable and usually has a worse prognosis. While this doesn’t completely explain the increase in breast cancer rates when women of this ethnic background move to the United States, different genetic tendencies could provide some information about why the disease is different in women of Hispanic/Latino background.

Not only do Hispanic/Latina women have lower utilization of screening mammography, but many also delay following up on abnormal screening tests. The resulting delay in the treatment of breast cancer in Hispanic/Latina women affects the prognosis. With time, tumors become larger and are more likely to spread to other areas of the body, requiring more extensive treatment and making them more difficult to eradicate.

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Dubbed the “Voice of Hispanic America” by The New York Times, Salinas has become a figurehead for the Latino community. Here we take a look at a handful of the inspiring Latinas who have made history, shaped the society we live in, and changed our world for the better. “Identifying the disparity in virus exposure will ideally help lead to the discovery of what is causing these differences, including factors rooted in systemic racism, and inform public health measures aimed at preventing further infections,” Puopolo said. In honor of National Newspaper Week, we’re asking you to make a donation to The Daily Free Press. The financial support of our community is important now more than ever to help us continue writing stories like this for readers like you.